Prewriting phase of essay writing

Prewriting usually begins with motivation and audience awareness: what is the student or writer trying to communicate, why is it important to communicate it well and who is the audience for this communication. It helps you put your thought out onto the paper on what you want to write about. Student writers find motivation especially difficult because they are writing for a teacher or for a grade, prewriting phase of essay writing of a real audience.

Often teachers try to find a real audience for students by asking them to read to younger classes or to parents, by posting writing for others to read, by writing a blog, or by writing on real topics, such as a letter to the editor of a local newspaper. One important task in prewriting is choosing a topic and then narrowing it to a length that can be covered in the space allowed. Writers can quickly tell a story and judge from the listeners’ reactions whether it will be an interesting topic to write about. When freewriting, you write any and every idea that comes to mind. This could also be a written exploration of your current knowledge of a broad topic, with the idea that you are looking for a narrow topic to write about. As a writer reads other works, it expands ideas, opens possibilities and points toward options for topics and narrates specific content for the eventual writing.

One traditional method of tracking the content read is to create annotated note cards with one chunk of information per card. Besides reading what others also make original observations relating to a topic. This requires on-site visits, experimentation with something, or finding original or primary historical documents. Writers interact with the setting or materials and make observations about their experience. While gathering material, often writers pay particular attention to the vocabulary used in discussing the topic. This would include slang, specific terminology, translations of terms, and typical phrases used.

The writer often looks up definitions, synonyms and finds ways that different people use the terminology. After reading and observing, often writers need to discuss material. Or, they might discuss events, ideas, and interpretations with just one other person. Oral storytelling might enter again, as the writer turns it into a narrative, or just tries out ways of using the new terminology. Sometimes writers draw or use information as basis for artwork as a way to understand the material better.